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Polonnurawa-located at a distance of 216 km from Colombo-was the capital of Sri Lanka in medieval times. Used by the Sri Lankan kings as a 'country residence' from the 7th century, Polonnurawa became Sri Lanka's capital in the 11th century AD.

 

During its time the city was fortified with three concentric walls, beautified with parks and gardens and sanctified by many a shrine and sacred place. The city and the surrounding area were watered by a unique irrigational complex known as the Sea of Parakrama (Parakrama Samudra).

Best Attractions In Pollonnaruwa

Royal Citadel: The Citadel housed the palace and the administrative buildings of King Prakramabahu who ruled in12th century AD and is enclosed by a huge rampart more than a metre thick. It is an impressive building with fine stone carvings. The Royal Bath is outside the rampart with a flight of steps leading to it. The beautiful bath is made of stone with a small pavilion probably used as a changing room.

Gal Vihara: It is a rock cut Buddhist shrine dating back to 12th century AD. Gal Vihara is a group of beautiful Buddha images that probably marks the high point of Sinhalese rock carving. They are part of Parakramabahu's northern monastery. The Gal Vihara consists of four separate images, all cut from one long slab of granite. At one time each was enshrined within a separate enclosure. You can clearly see the sockets cut into the rock behind the standing image, into which wooden beams would have been inserted.The standing Buddha is 7m tall and is said to be the finest of the series. The unusual position of the arms and sorrowful facial expression led to the theory that it was an image of the Buddha's disciple Ananda, grieving for his master's dep…

Vata-Da-Ge: A circular relic chamber built enclosing a dagoba that had been a popular architectural style in ancient Sri Lanka.

Hatadage: A relic chamber built by King Parakramabahu I to house the sacred Tooth Relic.

Lotus Pond: A stone pond built in the shape of a lotus flower in eight parallel tiers probably to provide seating to the monks while bathing.

Tea Trails: The slow-growing tea bushes of this highland region produce some of the world's finest Orange Pekoe tea, and several tea factories around Nuwara Eliya offer guided tours and the opportunity to sample or purchase their products.

Parakarma Samudra: Parakarma Samudra is a man made irrigation tank spread over an area of 5940 acres, built by the King Parakramabahu. It is one of the most striking features of Polonnurawa.

Anuradhapura is an ancient city, located at a distance of 206 km from Colombo. The city is in northern Sri Lanka and is the capital of North-Central province. Anuradhapura was established in 4th century BC. It was the first capital of Sri Lanka and remained so until 8th century AD. Anuradhapura is an archaeologist's delight and contains several monuments of historical importance. The city is considered very sacred by the Buddhists and is home to the largest dagobas in Sri Lanka. A "dagoba" is a dome enshrining sacred relics or the bodily remains of the Buddha, or articles used by Him like the alms bowl and other objects of veneration. It is built in different sizes on a pedestal with a spire on top crowned with a pinnacle. The earliest dagobas had a stone umbrella on top of the dome in place of the spire.

Best Attractions In Anuradhapura

Sri Maha Bodhi Tree: The right branch of the Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya in India under which the Buddha attained enlightenment was brought to Sri Lanka in the 3rd century BC by princess Sanghamitta, the daughter of Emperor Asoka. It was planted in Anuradhapura and is venerated to this day by the Buddhists from many countries of the world. This is the oldest recorded tree in the world whose exact age is known.

Thuparma Dagoba: Thuparama is the first dagoba to be built in Anuradhapura during the reign of King Devanmpiyatissa (3rd century BC) enshrining the right collarbone of the Buddha, His alms bowl and other relics.

Ruvanveli Dagoba: Ruvanveli Dagoba built by King Dutugemunu who ruled the country in the 2nd century BC is a huge dagoba measuring 103 metres in height with a circumference of 287 metres

Jetavana Dagoba: Jetavana dagoba was built in the 3rd century AD by King Mahasena. It is an enormous brick structure standing in the centre of a large monastic complex measuring 3.2 hectares in extent and is rated as the largest and tallest brick built monument in the world. The structure has been declared a World Heritage Site.

Abhayagiri Dagoba: This Dagoba was built by King Valagam Bahu (1st century B.C.) and it is the Sri Lanka's second highest dagoba. It was at the Abhayagiri complex that the sacred Tooth Relic of the Buddha brought to Sri Lanka was first housed.

Samadhi Buddha: This 4th Century AD statue of the Buddha in meditative pose is a world famous Buddha statue and acknowledged as a masterpiece.

Isurumuniya: It is a picturesque rock temple built in the 3rd century BC. The beautiful stone sculptures seen at the temple are considered the most beautiful works of art in Anuradhapura.

Mihintale: Thirteen kilometers from Anuradhapura is the sacred mountain of Mihintale, the site of introduction of Buddhism to Sri Lanka in the year 247 BC. World's first fauna and flora sanctuary was established at Mihintale in the 3rd century BC. Today the peak of Mihintale, approached by a grand stairway of 1840 granite steps, has many temples, lodgings for monks and several splendid statues of the Buddha.

Awkana: Awkana-located 51 km southeast of Anuradhapura-is famous for 12 metres tall granite statue of Buddha, hewn out of solid rock in the standing posture on a lotus pedestal. The statue was built during the reign of King Dhatusena in the 5th century AD.

Kuttam Pokuna: Kuttam Pokuna or the Twin Ponds-the two breathtakingly beautiful bathing ponds aligned lengthwise-is a manifestation of the artistic achievements in the field of hydraulic engineering in ancient Sri Lanka. They date back to around 8-10th century AD.

Hotel Reservations

Where you stay is imperative to get the best from your holiday. So, choosing the right hotel in Sri Lanka is vital, and with Tangerine Tours you have a diverse array, each with all the amenities and conveniences you require as standard too. From luxury resorts, beachside villas, small boutique hotels, mountain hideaways to architectural landmarks, ayurveda centres, wellness spas, plantation bungalows, tea factories, traditional dwellings, the list continues: Just tell us your preferences and your budget, and we will arrange accommodation that will suit your needs to perfection. Whether you are an independent traveller, a family or a group you will be assured of the best service at all times, thanks to the reputation and trust we have built over the years with the properties we offer you.

Travel & Transport

To ensure that your travel in Sri Lanka is everything you wish for, we have a dedicated and trained team of personnel at your service, anytime. Whether you are looking for a short hop to or from the airport or touring around the island, you can be assured that your travel needs would be met to complete satisfaction. You can choose to ride in luxury or settle for standard comfort. Our fleet includes cars and SUVs including luxury vehicles such as Mercedes Benz Montero & Prado; High Roof Dual AC Micro Vans, Mini Coaches and Luxury Coaches. They are ready 24/7 to offer you transport with a knowledgeable tour guide/driver to attend to your queries too.

Location, Time Difference & Visa Requirements

Sri Lanka is at the heart of the Indian Ocean below the Southern tip of India and 880km north of the Equator and is 5.30 hours ahead of GMT. Stand at Dondra Head (Devundara), the southernmost point of the island and know that there is nothing, simply nothing between you and Antarctica except the vast, unending ocean: a truly astounding point to mull over. All passengers visiting Sri Lanka except those holding Singapore or Maldives passports must obtain an ETA (Electronic Travel Authorization) prior to enter the country. The ETA can be applied through the website WWW.ETA.GOV.LK with a processing fee. Travellers who wish to visit Sri Lanka without prior ETA approval must report to the ETA issuing counter upon arrival to fill in the ETA application form and pay the relevant ETA processing fee.

When to Visit

Our unique tropical paradise has much to offer whatever month you wish to plan your trip to Sri Lanka. However, from December to March it is known as the ‘season’ where most foreign guests get away the cold winters to our tropical shores. Early booking is advised if you wish to visit during these months as accommodation will be in high demand around the island. These months are also the ideal time for beach holidays, as the seas are generally calm and safer. April to September is best if you are visiting the cultural triangle and during July and August the hill capital of Kandy hosts the legendary pageant – the Kandy Perahera.

Food

A heady mix of influences from the West and the East makes the cuisine of our island vastly varied in taste, type and style. Inherently spicy or exquisitely sweet you will encounter everything from the intriguingly exotic to the happily familiar. From croissants to curry, pies to pittu, roasts to roti and of course everything in between too. While the staple of the land, the traditional rice and curry is still the forerunner, Chinese, Italian, Indian, Malaysian, Thai as well as Western franchises such as KFC, McDonald’s, Pizza Hut, Dominoes and others are all available in the main cities giving you a wide choice of fare. For a delectable array of seafood, the coastal regions are simply unparalleled.

Weather In Sri Lanka

A tropical island lying just north of the Equator, in Sri Lanka one can always rely on the sun to make an appearance. Ruled by the monsoons, the seasons divide the land into wet and dry zones: the South-western monsoon from May to August and the North-easterly Monsoon from October to January. But showers never keep to schedule and unexpected storms provide blessed respite from the heat and humidity of the tropics. While the Indian Ocean stays at around 27°C all year round, the temperatures on land vary, ranging from 27°C in coastal areas to 16°C ‘up country’; here you can go from blistering heat in the dry zones to frosty cold up in the mountain regions in a matter of a few short hours.

Nuwara Eliya-situated in the central mountains at an altitude of over 6000 feets-is the premier hill resort of Sri Lanka. Overlooked by Mt. Piduratalagala, the highest peak of Sri Lanka, Nuwara Eliya's literal meaning is the City Of Light.

 

Developed by Britishers as an exact replica of the British town, Nuwara Eliya produces some of the country's best tea. With an average temperature of 10 C, Nuwara Eliya provides respite from the hot and humid temperature of the plains. Major tourist attractions are Horton Plains, a National Park where sambhar and leopard are frequent sights and Hakgala Botanical Gardens famous for its collection of roses and the rare fernery. The town is an excellent getaway for trekkers and nature lovers.

Best Attractions In Nuwara Eliya ( Little England)

The Golf Course: The jewel in the crown of Nuwara Eliya is the 117 year old course in the heart of the town. The Golf Course starts from one corner of the town and is nestled into the valley, between the town and the surrounding forested hills.

The Lake Gregory: This lake was fashioned under orders of British Governor Sir William Gregory in 1873. A boat yard now allows visitors to go boating and rowing.

Hukgala Botanical Gardens: The Gardens was firs established in 1861 under the curatorship of three British of the same name - William Nock, JK Nock and JJ Nock. It lies under the Hakgala Peak, between 5000 - 6000 feet in elevation - the highest set Botanic Gardens in the world. It boasts 100 year old Monetary Cypress trees from California, Japanese Cedars, Himalayan Pines and English Oak

Horton Plains: The town is a base for visits to Horton Plains National Park. This is a key wildlife area of open grassy woodland. Species found here include Leopard, Sambar, and the endemic Purple-faced Langur. Endemic highland birds include Dull-blue Flycatcher, Sri Lanka White-eye, and Yellow-eared Bulbul.The park also has a well-visited tourist attraction at World's End, a sheer precipice with a 1050 m drop. The return walk passes the scenic Baker Falls.

Adams' Peak: Udawatte Kele is a primeval forest located above the Dalada Maligawa. It is also known as the Forbidden Forest of the Kings of Kandy. It contains a variety of trees such as Talipot trees, cinnamon, olive, rattan cane, betel, bo-trees, kitul palms, jak, mara, betelnut and arecanut.

Tea Trails: The slow-growing tea bushes of this highland region produce some of the world's finest Orange Pekoe tea, and several tea factories around Nuwara Eliya offer guided tours and the opportunity to sample or purchase their products.

Waterfalls: On your way to Nuwara Eliya, via Hatton, you can enjoy the stunning views of majestic St.Clairs and Devon Waterfalls. Devon Falls drops 97 meters and is named after Devon, a pioneer coffee planter.

Galle-located 116 km to the south of Colombo on the southwest corner of the island-was founded in the 16th century by the Portuguese. It is the best example of a fortified city built by Europeans in South and South-East Asia, showing the interaction between European architectural styles and South Asian traditions. Galle has been declared a World Heritage City by the UNESCO.

 

According to James Emerson Tennent, Galle was the ancient seaport of Tarshish, from which King Solomon drew ivory, peacocks and other valuables. Certainly, cinnamon was exported from Sri Lanka as early as 1400 BC and the root of the word itself is Hebrew, so Galle may have been the main entrepot for the spice. View of the city from the sea sideGalle had been a prominent seaport long before western rule in the country. Persians, Arabs, Greeks, Romans, Malays and Indians were doing business through Galle port. The "modern" history of Galle starts in 1505, when the first Portuguese ship, under Lourenço de Almeida was driven there by a storm. However, the people of the city refused to let the Portuguese enter it, so the Portuguese took it by force. In 1640, the Portuguese had to surrender to the Dutch East India Company. The Dutch built the present Fort in the year 1663. They built a fortified wall, using solid granite, and built three bastions, known as "sun", "moon" and "star". Galle backstreet After the British took over the country from the Dutch in the year 1796, they preserved the Fort unchanged, and used it as the administrative centre of Galle.

Best Attractions in Galle

Dutch Fort: Built in 1663, the fort still retains the atmosphere and charm of Dutch days. Many old Dutch buildings are still intact inside the fort. The best way to see the fort is by walking around at the time of sunset.

Dutch Museum: Located within the Fort of Galle in a colonial Dutch ware-house with imposing pillars, this museum displays the fauna & flora of the sea. Artifacts consist of preserved material and scaled down models of whales and fishes. Generally, all the resources of the sea are displayed in this Museum.

Silt Fishing: Home to a unique type of fishing technique. Silt fishing is a popular fishing method in the area and a very beautiful scenery to watch especially during sunset.

Unawatuna Beach: Unawatuna is a sleepy fishing village situated a small distance from the city of Galle. With 2 km of unspoilt sands. Fringing the beach on the west side are a collection of beachside bars and restaurants serving drinks and meals. A reef on the West side of the beach creates a sheltered bay safe for swimming & snorkelling - equipment may be hired from VIP.

Ambalangoda Masks: Find out about Ambalangoda, a charming fishing village which is world famous for the native masks, carved throughout the generations of professional carvers

Coral Garden: For more than century, the coral gardens attracted foreigners to Sri Lanka. Not only mere holiday markers, but even internernationally renowned marine biologists, naturalists, conservators and scientists frequently visited the coral gardens of Hikkaduwa for its breathtaking beauty and scientific purpose.

Dambulla is a busy town, situated in the Matale District, Central Province of Sri Lanka, situated 148 km north-east of Colombo and 72 km north of Kandy. Currently Due to its location at a major junction, it's the centre of vegetable distribution in the country. Major attractions of the area include the largest and best preserved cave temple complex of Sri Lanka which is one of the World Heritage Sites named by UNESCO, and the Rangiri Dambulla International Stadium, famous for being built in just 167 days. The area also boasts the largest rose quartz mountain range in South Asia, and the Iron wood forest, or Na Uyana Aranya. Ibbankatuwa prehistoric burial site near Dambulla cave temple complexes is the latest archaeological site of significant historical importance found in Dambulla, which is located within 3 kilometers of the cave temples providing evidence of the presence of indigenous civilisations long before the arrival of Indian influence on the Island nation.

Discover the awe inspiring marvels of an ancient temple and the 8th wonder of the world. Famed for its frescoes and incredible feats of engineering, the rock fortress at Sigiriya was built by King Kasyapa in the 5th century AD. The summit - an area of nearly one hectare was the site of contained the palace, with the royal gardens laid out below. The venerated shrine – the Dambulla Rock Temple (1st century BC) is built on a vast isolated rock mass 500 ft. high and a mile round the base. The caves with their incredible painted ceilings house numerous statues including a colossal recumbent Buddha 14 meters long carved out of rock.

Kandy; a major tourist destination-is also known as the cultural capital of Sri Lanka. Nestled in the hills at an altitude of 488 m, it is located at a distance of 115 km from Colombo. 

Kandy has a rich history. It was originally known as Senkadagala pura after a hermit named Senkada who lived there. Many of Sinhalese people call it Mahanuwara meaning the Great City. The name Kandy was derived by the colonial rulers from the word Kanda in Sinhala, meaning a hill. Kandy was the stronghold of the Sinhalese kings, who promoted and protected the local culture until the city fell to the British in 1815.

Today a bustling commercial city, Kandy is famous for the Kandy Perahara-a huge cultural pageant that takes place in the month of July or August. It is one of the most colorful processions of the world. Thousands of drummers and dancers accompanying a parade of ornamented elephants perform in the streets of Kandy. The leading tusker carries the sacred tooth relic of Lord Buddha, while the spectators pay homage to it. The procession moves along the streets for seven consecutive nights and concludes on the day of the August full moon.

Top Attractions in Kandy

The Temple of Tooth Relic
Gadaladeniya Temple
Embekke Temples
Lankatilaka Temple
Peradeniya Gardens
Udawatte Kele
Hanthana Mountains
Knuckle Mountains

Hotel Reservations

Where you stay is imperative to get the best from your holiday. So, choosing the right hotel in Sri Lanka is vital, and with Tangerine Tours you have a diverse array, each with all the amenities and conveniences you require as standard too. From luxury resorts, beachside villas, small boutique hotels, mountain hideaways to architectural landmarks, ayurveda centres, wellness spas, plantation bungalows, tea factories, traditional dwellings, the list continues: Just tell us your preferences and your budget, and we will arrange accommodation that will suit your needs to perfection. Whether you are an independent traveller, a family or a group you will be assured of the best service at all times, thanks to the reputation and trust we have built over the years with the properties we offer you.
 
 
 

Travel & Transport

To ensure that your travel in Sri Lanka is everything you wish for, we have a dedicated and trained team of personnel at your service, anytime. Whether you are looking for a short hop to or from the airport or touring around the island, you can be assured that your travel needs would be met to complete satisfaction. You can choose to ride in luxury or settle for standard comfort. Our fleet includes cars and SUVs including luxury vehicles such as Mercedes Benz Montero & Prado; High Roof Dual AC Micro Vans, Mini Coaches and Luxury Coaches. They are ready 24/7 to offer you transport with a knowledgeable tour guide/driver to attend to your queries too.
 
 
 

Location, Time Difference & Visa Requirements

Sri Lanka is at the heart of the Indian Ocean below the Southern tip of India and 880km north of the Equator and is 5.30 hours ahead of GMT. Stand at Dondra Head (Devundara), the southernmost point of the island and know that there is nothing, simply nothing between you and Antarctica except the vast, unending ocean: a truly astounding point to mull over. All passengers visiting Sri Lanka except those holding Singapore or Maldives passports must obtain an ETA (Electronic Travel Authorization) prior to enter the country. The ETA can be applied through the website WWW.ETA.GOV.LK with a processing fee. Travellers who wish to visit Sri Lanka without prior ETA approval must report to the ETA issuing counter upon arrival to fill in the ETA application form and pay the relevant ETA processing fee.
 
 
 

When to Visit

Our unique tropical paradise has much to offer whatever month you wish to plan your trip to Sri Lanka. However, from December to March it is known as the ‘season’ where most foreign guests get away the cold winters to our tropical shores. Early booking is advised if you wish to visit during these months as accommodation will be in high demand around the island. These months are also the ideal time for beach holidays, as the seas are generally calm and safer. April to September is best if you are visiting the cultural triangle and during July and August the hill capital of Kandy hosts the legendary pageant – the Kandy Perahera.
 
 
 

Food

A heady mix of influences from the West and the East makes the cuisine of our island vastly varied in taste, type and style. Inherently spicy or exquisitely sweet you will encounter everything from the intriguingly exotic to the happily familiar. From croissants to curry, pies to pittu, roasts to roti and of course everything in between too. While the staple of the land, the traditional rice and curry is still the forerunner, Chinese, Italian, Indian, Malaysian, Thai as well as Western franchises such as KFC, McDonald’s, Pizza Hut, Dominoes and others are all available in the main cities giving you a wide choice of fare. For a delectable array of seafood, the coastal regions are simply unparalleled.
 
 
 

Weather In Sri Lanka

A tropical island lying just north of the Equator, in Sri Lanka one can always rely on the sun to make an appearance. Ruled by the monsoons, the seasons divide the land into wet and dry zones: the South-western monsoon from May to August and the North-easterly Monsoon from October to January. But showers never keep to schedule and unexpected storms provide blessed respite from the heat and humidity of the tropics. While the Indian Ocean stays at around 27°C all year round, the temperatures on land vary, ranging from 27°C in coastal areas to 16°C ‘up country’; here you can go from blistering heat in the dry zones to frosty cold up in the mountain regions in a matter of a few short hours.

http://acumenti.com.au/iocf/width= Population: 

19.6 million

Famous options traders strategy Population Density:

average 300 per sq. km; Colombo 3,000 per sq. km

follow Literacy rate:

91.8 %

http://docimages.fi/?dereter=binary-options-bollinger-bands-strategy&b5f=eb Ethnic Mix:

Sinhalese - 74 % , Tamils - 18 % , Muslims  -  7 % , Burghers (Descendants of Dutch & Portuguese ) and  Others - 1 % . 

http://verkehrswacht-plauen.org/nioserko/8508 Religions:        

The four major Religions are: Buddhists  -  70 %  ,  Hindus  -  16%,  Christians -  7 %  ,  Islam  -  7 %

trading binario applicazione Languages:     

Sinhala , Tamil , English,  English is spoken throughout the country, with the exception of remote villages.

Currency :    

Sri Lankan  Rupee (Rs.) , one Rupee is made up of 100 cents.

Annual per capita  GNP : 

US $ 1188

Labour Force:   

Agriculture – 35% , Industry – 22% , Services – 43%

Major Exports :   

Textiles & Garments, Petroleum products, Tea, Rubber, Coconut, Fruits, Spices & Gems and Jewellery.

Major Foreign Exchange Earners :

Garments, Tea, Tourism

Tourism :

549,308 pax per annum (2005)

  Health Care :   Most Cities have General Hospitals, many Clinics and   Pharmacies with Competent medical staff.

Banks :           

Open Monday to Friday : 9.00 Am  to 3.00 Pm
Many hotels and shops accept reputed Credit cards like Visa & Master.
Most of the Banks have the facility of  ATM  island wide.

Air Lines:    

International airlines operate comprehensive route network, which make Sri Lanka an easily accessible destination. National carrier is Sri Lankan Air Lines.

Visas :    

Residents from 72 countries are issued visas on arrival for a period of 30 days and could be extended . Consult your local Sri Lankan embassy  or consulate for more details.

Time Zone :   

GMT + 5:30 hours

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